My Projects

Personal Projects

As a student, I am always working on a ton of projects. However, there are three clear different types of projects that I seem to spend my time on: Personal, Professional, and Academic. Personal projects are my own endeavors, Professional projects are done while I am working for some employer, and Academic projects are ones that I did for a professor while attending college.

  • torus – a decentralized peer to peer program. Programmed in C.
  • lemon – a lightweight and embeddable web server. Written in C++ this project is in its last stages of development, and will soon have an alpha release. Its SVN is here.

Professional Projects

  • Reactivity – a multi-node sensor and design network written using WPF (Windows Presentation Foundation). This is the project that won the Microsoft National (USA) Software Design Invitationals.

Academic Projects

  • Puzzle Solving Framework – Designed for the last sequential programming course at RIT, the project, aptly named “puzzle-solver,” can be found in its most recent release from here. Written in: C++
  • Die Rolling problem – this solves the die rolling problem as proposed in this post. The code can be found on that page as well. Written In: Common Lisp


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Pros and Cons of Heating with Electricity vs Natural Gas

A question that many have been asking recently due to the rise in renewable electricity being offered is what are the pros and cons of heating with electricity vs natural gas.

That’s due to the fact that, although natural gas heating has until now been a lesser producer of carbon emissions than the coal and oil used to power electric power stations, that’s changing now. Rapidly rising wind-farm and solar electricity generation are making the use of electricity for heating look much more environmentally preferable.

If it’s time to replace your heating system, you may have a choice between gas and electric heat. Both of these heating options have some pros and cons. Property owners should consider them carefully, before making a final selection.

It is important for future generations that we choose wisely. The non-renewable sources of energy we use to drive our technology continue to damage our planet.

To combat this, scientists and engineers are actively looking for less environmentally harmful energy sources. The goal which must eventually be achieved for our planet to remain habitable in the long-term is 100% renewable energy. In the meantime, we should all do what we can to reduce our carbon footprint.

Because we don’t yet have viable means of generating all our power from renewable sources, heating our homes is a significant contributor to the negative environmental impact, whichever we choose.

One way to reduce our carbon footprint is to choose energy sources that have the lowest negative impact. That way we can all reduce the amount of damage that heating our homes does to the environment. So, what type of heating fuel and equipment recommended by heating professionals should we use in our homes? Read on to find out:

Gas vs. Electric Heating, Which Is Better For The Environment?

Gas (natural gas) and electricity are the two most-used fuel sources for home heating. That’s why we have chosen to make the comparison between gas and electric here. Now to examine both options in detail and try to come to some conclusions.

The Case for Electric Heating

Harm to the environment comes in two forms. We have already explained that there is a global impact of using non-renewable fuels, but there is also a direct local impact upon us from air-pollution/ emissions. It doesn’t get any cleaner or more efficient than electricity when it comes to the process of converting a fuel source to heat energy in our homes. The actual conversion process doesn’t typically give off any harmful greenhouse gasses. Nor does it result in any environmentally hazardous by-products being emitted in our homes reducing air quality. In contrast, most other fuel sources are harmful to the environment in some way when being converted to heat energy.

As the world moves to more “renewable” electricity generation, homes with electric heating will be able to take advantage of renewable electric power. Furthermore, the homeowner won’t need to take any action or spend any money to be cleaner.

More and more electricity suppliers are generating electricity from renewable sources globally. Going forward into the future all-electric homes will have a smaller and smaller relative carbon footprint.

As an added advantage of electricity, virtually every home already has electrical service. That means that once “renewable” electricity is available, the costs to convert homes to electric heating will be reduced because the fuel source will already be present in the home, and in commercial applications.

Another little appreciated fact about electricity is that it can be used as the fuel source for both heating and air conditioning. A great way to minimize the amount of electricity a home needs to keep warm is to install a heat pump. Heat pumps, which run on electricity, provide both heating and cooling. They are unique in that both functions are available in the same piece of equipment! No other fuel source can provide this crucial HVAC (air conditioner) functionality.

Gas vs Electric Furnace – General Pros and Cons

Gas Heating:


The huge advantage gas (natural gas) has (almost everywhere that a home is connected to a gas main), is that natural gas is significantly cheaper than electricity per heat unit.

In cold climates where people need to heat their homes a lot during the winter, a gas boiler can save you money over the long run. It costs more to buy initially than electric heating, but that cost is worth the investment due to reduced operating costs. Not only that. Gas brings much faster heating so that you can warm up your home more quickly when returning to it in very cold weather.  A gas boiler (gas furnace) produces a higher maximum heat output, and that heat starts coming as soon as the burners fire-up and the pump starts to run. Now, in cold climates, that can be a very real advantage when returning from work in the frozen dark-of-night in the depth of winter when the temperatures outside below freezing.


Gas boilers cost more to purchase than the electric and the installation is more complicated. The boiler needs proper venting otherwise there can be a safety hazard from escaping carbon monoxide. They also do not last as long. Some people with electric night storage radiators are still using them after 40 years of requiring virtually no servicing.

The equivalent gas boiler can be expected to last 10 to 20 years without repair but should be serviced annually. The combustible fuel used in gas boilers means they need to be maintained or else the system is likely to become inefficient (costing more in fuel payment), and could even become unsafe in service.

Electric Heating:


The idea of a lower installation cost a big incentive to many homeowners.

Electric heaters don’t need to be located in a home in a location where they can vent to the outside. The outcome of that is the ability to put them where you want them. The installation process is quick to do, and an electrical heating system can usually be completed in a day or two. There is very little disruption to your home or daily routine because no holes are needed through walls for radiator pipes – just an electrical cable and outlet socket. Generally, maintenance is limited to cleaning the radiators, which can be done by the householder: A large electric furnace should still be checked annually. But, a malfunction would be highly unlikely to put you in danger.


Electrical heating systems are a higher lifetime cost than gas. That’s due to the higher cost of electricity per unit of energy delivered to your house. Electric heat, by comparison, will be more expensive than gas heat, until the cost of renewable energy drops. Currently, fossil fuel-based gas is cheaper per unit because it is easy to transport it in pipelines and no heat is lost until it’s burnt in your home boiler. Furthermore, electricity has the disadvantage that as it travels through cables it warms up the cable a bit. That warmth is lost but still costs you. 

The savings you enjoy upfront are soon lost once the higher running costs of electric heating in all but the warmest countries. Not everyone wants the cheapest form of electric heating which is by adding bulky radiators that take up space and may look intrusive. If so, electric underfloor heating is certainly an option but that form of heating is certainly not one of minimal disruption during installation.

In general, electricity is a less responsive technology for immediate heating when you want it. An electric boiler must spend time warming up a storage radiator before that radiator can start to warm your home. Also, where a gas boiler allows the rapid inflow of gas in the gas main (under pressure) into your boiler, the equivalent electrical load has to be limited to avoid overloading the system. The overall effect is that users have to wait longer for the effects of turning up the thermostat before they kick in.

Most electricity is produced using techniques that are only 30 percent efficient according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. In addition, in the US coal still represents one of the primary fuels used to produce electricity. This fuel is dirty, has larger carbon emissions than the same heat produced using natural gas, and is either:

  • produced in a power station that emits many pollutants into the local air or
  • suffers from the inefficiencies of supporting a large sacrificial load which has to be used to clean-up the dirty flue gases.

More About Costs – Comparing Electric Heat with Gas Heat

We have previously identified the fact that electric boilers are less expensive to buy than gas boilers and installation costs are lower. In very average figures a new electric hot water boiler plus storage radiators will set you back to the tune of £1, 000 to £2, 500, while a gas boiler will cost between £2, 000 and £3, 000 in preparatory work for new installations, plus £4, 500 – £6, 000 for the gas boiler itself. This adds up to a total cost of £6, 500 – £9, 000 for a gas heating system as opposed to just £1, 000 to £2, 500 for the electric.

Don’t be deluded by the lower initial cost of electric heating, for most people it will cost more than gas over a period of time. But, hopefully, electricity cost per unit of heat supplied will reduce as in the next few years as cheaper renewable energy supplies become more available from solar and wind turbines. Furthermore, the US Energy Information Administration (EIA) has said that it expects natural gas prices to increase over the next few years.

Also, remember that only electric systems have the option of air conditioning.

The Number 1 Reason to Have an All-Electric Home

Many people think of electric heating as expensive and inefficient, however, there are currently some highly efficient options. Current high-efficiency heat pump models are some of the most efficient and cost-effective ways to heat a home, making a very strong case for the use of electricity in home heating.

Combustion safety is a big one.  Your water heater will never kill you with carbon monoxide poisoning in your sleep if it’s running on electricity.  Also, an electric heat pump can be used to carry the load and reduce the consumption of electricity way down and they do that even in cold climates. Depending on where you live, and over a 10 to 20-year timeframe getting rid of gas may actually save you money on your energy bills.

Finally, of course, having an all-electric home makes it easier to offset your energy use with site-generated solar power if you install photovoltaic modules.  The all-electric homeowner can go all-out for net-zero energy use and net zero emissions if they wish. To do that they just need to add home-insulation to a high standard, add night-time energy storage batteries, and change their old gas boiler for a new heat pump water heater and underfloor electric heating system.

Our View on This

Right now most homes are still heated with fossil fuels. Decarbonization is essential to preserve the planet. To decarbonize means electrifying everywhere where renewable fuel generation is rising, and from now on is the time to electrify, while getting rid of all gas appliances. There should be more education given by governments about the benefits electrification will bring in reduced climate change.

If you need help repairing, or maintaining, your heating system, or in choosing a new gas or electric heating system for your home, be sure to appoint a professional heating service.

Whatever you decide to do, it all comes down to preferences which will be guided by how much you have to spend. Consider your priorities. Are you short of money and can’t, or don’t wish to, borrow? Is cost-efficiency your number one concern, or are you more focused on ensuring the planet is livable for future generations? We hope that the pros and cons we have explained here will help you to make an educated decision.

One thing the vast majority of scientists are sure about is that things will definitely be getting hotter. It’s down to all of us to decide how much hotter!

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Why is my hearing muffled in one ear?

Wax removal using the microsuction method.micro-suction earwax

Microsuction ear wax removal is a procedure that uses gentle suction to remove excessive or troublesome ear wax. using a microscope, our trained audiologists are able to look directly into the ear canal and use a sterile suction device to gently remove the wax. Occasionally we may need to use other instruments to remove hard wax, or to soften the wax using olive oil.

Syringing is the traditional method of wax removal. It involves water being injected into the ear canal at high pressure, with the aim of trying to get behind the wax to force it out as the water seeps out of the ear canal. There are a number of problems associated with this method of wax removal.

The procedure is traditionally performed by using high-magnification binocular operating microscopes, there is a growing number of private audiologists and hearing aid dispensers in the UK now performing microscopic and microsuction ear wax removal using magnifying glasses (loupes). Loupes are limited in the terms of both the magnification and distance (depth) of view they can provide inside the ear. However, they remain popular due to their portability and relatively inexpensive compared to an operating microscope. Both operating microscopes and loupes provide stereoscopic vision which aids in-depth perception.

Use microsuction for wax removal treatment to relieve these symptoms as a non-invasive procedure. Our expert staff will provide you with the level of service you would expect from experienced professionals. A medical-grade vacuum pump will be used to gently suck wax out of your ears while the specialist looks into your ear using a microscope.

Ear wax microsuction is a procedure that uses gentle suction to remove excessive or troublesome ear wax. It is performed with the aid of a surgical microscope and a calibrated suction device, without the introduction of any materials or liquids. Ear wax microsuction is one of the safest, most effective, quickest and most comfortable methods of removing ear wax. Usually, micro-suction does not need pre-treatment with drops but two days of earol (clinically treated olive oil) is the best preparation. One of our audiologists will examine your ear using a microscope (either fixed or with loupes glasses) and, using a fine low-pressure suction device, safely remove the blockage. Also, using a video otoscope we will show you the condition of the ear before and after the treatment.

Ear wax removal by microsuction the procedure

A comprehensive medical history will be taken a microscopic examination of the inner ear canals and eardrums gentle removal of the earwax with a surgical microsuction unit. The audiologist will wear a pair of illuminated microscopes, namely “loupes”, and air will be heard rushing through the suction wand during the procedure. There may be an occasional mild ‘pop’ as the wax is sucked through the probe. Generally, the appointment will be painless.

Our audiologist has specialist training in ear wax removal using microsuction allowing us to offer a fast, safe and high-quality service to adults and children at very competitive prices. Microsuction is a wax removal technique using a precision suction apparatus to suction unwanted or obstructing skin cells and wax from the ear canal. We use surgical lenses that provide binocular magnification so that the tip of the suction tube is always under direct vision.

Ear wax removal by microsuction is the safest most effective method for the removal of ear wax from ear canals. Due to the nature of the suction, ear wax can be removed from the ear, irrespective of whether it is soft or hard. This differs from other methods such as syringing and water irrigation where the wax has to be treated beforehand with drops to encourage a softer consistency.

An Accurate View of The Ear Canal

Microsuction is an important part of our ear consultations. It is safe, gentle, and comfortable. When you have a consultation at audiologists, you will lie straight and flat on your back as this is the safest position for microsuction. The ear nurse therapist will gently hold your ear so that the ear canal entrance is open and easy to view (sometimes the nurse will use a plastic funnel to gain the best view). The microscope is then focused on the ear canal entrance. The nurse will use microsuction to retrieve ear wax and diagnose ear problems. When we use suction and instruments, clients often say “that tickles” or, “that feels weird”.

As the name suggests, microsuction employs a tiny suction tube to gently remove excess wax from your ear canal. We also use a microscope to target locations where the wax has built up. Because we have a better view of your ear, microsuction is faster than irrigation, typically lasting just a few minutes. It is generally considered free from discomfort.

It’s difficult to perform a full hearing test when there is a build-up of wax in the ears. It can produce inaccurate test results and obstructs the view to the eardrum in order for your hearing care professional to accurately assess your hearing. It also creates issues when you need to have an ear mould impression taken, or have hearing aids fitted.

Following an initial discussion regarding your health and hearing, we begin by examining your ears using a fibre optic camera. The camera sits just at the entrance of the ear and enables both you and the audiologist to view your ear canal and eardrum on a large screen. We will examine both ears, before proceeding with any wax removal required. Following treatment, we will show you your ear canals and drums again, this time without any wax blockage.

The equipment used for ear wax removal by microsuction

Microsuction is a safe, quick and painless method of removing a  build-up of ear wax in the ear canals using a medical suction pump, suction wand, and an ear endoscope to enable observation by the practitioner. This sterile vacuum breaks down and removes the ear wax very gently from the canals. This method was traditionally only used in hospitals or ENT clinics; however, it has now become more widely available as a service in private ear clinics. Microsuctioning is considered to be the safest and fastest method of ear wax removal by far, leaving you with clean ear canals.

Earwax is naturally occurring and serves an important purpose. On occasion, earwax can build in the ear canal and can cause hearing loss or discomfort. For many people, microsuction offers a quick and long-lasting solution to hearing loss. Years of excess wax build-up can be gently removed – providing an immediate improvement to their quality of life.  It helps to protect and clean the inside of the ear by creating a natural protective layer. Other wax removal treatments such as syringing often completely clear the canal of all wax, leaving no protective layer inside the ear. Microsuction is a much more controlled treatment that allows your audiologist to carefully remove excess wax whilst preserving a necessary level of protection.

Micro-suction ear wax removal is one of the safest methods of ear cleaning and it is an ideal method of wax removal for people who have had a perforation to their eardrum or who have had any mid-ear surgery. Microsuction uses no water for the ear wax removal and there is no mess and little fuss.

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Develop a Public Relations Strategy that Delivers Results

If I were coaching you as a business, non-profit or association manager on how to get the biggest bang for your public relations dollar, I would sum it up for you this way. 

All About Changing Behavior

Use the fundamental premise of public relations to produce external stakeholder behavior change – the kind that leads directly to achieving your managerial objectives. Usually, that outside behavior change can be created in the financial, marketing, crisis resolution, reputation management and other sectors of the public relations discipline. 

Thus, you do something positive about the behaviors of those outside audiences that MOST affect your organization. And you do so by persuading those important external folks to your way of thinking, then move them to take actions that help your department, division or subsidiary succeed. 

The reality is, your public relations effort must involve more than press releases, brochures and special events if you expect to get your money’s worth. 

Perception is Reality – So Create It

And that’s what the fundamental premise of public relations really says when it points out that people act on their own perception of the facts before them. Which leads to predictable behaviors about which something can be done. When we create, change or reinforce that opinion by reaching, persuading and moving-to-desired-action the very people whose behaviors affect the organization the most, the public relations mission is accomplished. 

Improved Activities

Happily, this kind of public relations approach can deliver results like capital givers or specifying sources looking your way; enhanced activist group relations; expanded feedback channels; new proposals for strategic alliances and joint ventures; community service and sponsorship opportunities; rebounds in showroom visits, membership applications on the rise; not to mention new idea, leader, and special event contacts. 

Improved Relations

You could easily see improved relations with government agencies and legislative bodies; prospects starting to work with you; customers making repeat purchases; promotional contest overtures, and even stronger relationships with the educational, labor, financial and healthcare communities. 

Who Is Responsible for Public Relations

Still, the question remains, who makes the blueprint really work? Will your workers be regular public relations staff? Or people sent to you by a parent entity? Or possibly a PR agency crew? Regardless of where they come from, they must be committed to you as the senior project manager, to the PR blueprint and its implementation, starting with target audience perception monitoring. 

Requires Total Buy-In

Now, simply because a PR person describes him/herself as a public relations specialist doesn’t mean they’ve bought into the whole program. Convince yourself that your team members really believe deeply why it’s SO important to know how your most important outside audiences perceive your operations, products or services. Be certain they buy the reality that perceptions almost always lead to behaviors that can help or hurt your unit. 

How Will You Monitor Public Perception

Pore over the PR blueprint with your PR team. Especially your plan for monitoring and gathering perceptions by questioning members of your most important outside audiences. Use online review management tools to monitor for changes in public perception. Ask questions like these: how much do you know about our organization? How much do you know about our services or products and employees? Have you had prior contact with us and were you pleased with the interchange? Have you experienced problems with our people or procedures? 

Surveys are Useful

You can always invite professional survey counsel to handle the perception monitoring phases of your program, if the budget is available. But remember that your PR people are also in the perception and behavior business and can pursue the same objective: identify untruths, false assumptions, unfounded rumors, inaccuracies, misconceptions and any other negative perception that might translate into hurtful behaviors. 

Establish Public Relations Goals

Here, you need a public relations goal to shoot for as you address the aberrations that cropped up during your key audience perception monitoring. And that goal could be to straighten out that dangerous misconception, or correct that gross inaccuracy, or stop that potentially fatal rumor dead in its tracks. 


Need a Strategy

Of course what is a goal without a strategy to show you how to get there? Fortunately, there are only three strategic options available to you when it comes to handling a perception or opinion challenge.

  1. Change existing perception
  2. create perception where there may be none
  3. or reinforce it

The wrong strategy pick will taste like hot tea with too many teabags, so be certain the new strategy fits well with your new public relations goal. You wouldn’t want to select “change” when the facts dictate a “reinforce” strategy. 

Identify Target Audience

Keep in mind that members of your target audience will likely react to a powerful message. Still, persuading an audience to your way of thinking is hard work. Which is why your PR folks must create some very special, corrective language. Words that are not only compelling, persuasive and believable, but clear and factual. Only in this way will you be able to correct a perception by shifting opinion towards your point of view, leading to the behaviors you are targeting. 

Review the Messages

Let your communications specialists review your message for impact and persuasiveness. Then, sharpen it before selecting the communications tactics most likely to carry your words to the attention of your target audience. You can pick from dozens that are available. From speeches, facility tours, emails and brochures to consumer briefings, media interviews, newsletters, personal meetings and many others. But be sure that the tactics you pick are known to reach folks just like your audience members. 

Determine Delivery Methods

It’s wise to respect the fact that the credibility of a message can depend on its delivery method. So you might consider unveiling it in presentations before smaller gatherings rather than using higher-profile tactics such as news releases. Finally, please recognize that people love progress reports, a fact that will alert you and your PR team to get back out in the field and start work on a second perception monitoring session with members of your external audience. You’ll want to use many of the same questions used in the first benchmark session. Only this time, you’ll be watching very carefully for signs that the bad news perception is being altered in your direction. 

Commit to the Program – It Takes Time

Here’s a tip for those among us who are impatient. If things aren’t moving fast enough for you, try increasing the beat with more communications tactics and increased frequencies

Yes, if I were coaching you as a manager on how to get your public relations’ money’s worth, I would ask only that you internalize a single reality, then build from there, as outlined above. 

By all means worry about the behaviors of those key external audiences that most affect your organization, and you as a manager. Then do something positive about them by persuading those key folks to your way of thinking, moving them to take actions that help you achieve your managerial objectives. 

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Why do my ear holes smell?

Why do my earholes smell?

Your body secretes a substance called sebum as part of its normal everyday work. Sebum is secreted by the sebaceous glands in the skin. … Mix sebum with some dead skin cells and a few bacteria, and you get some really potent smelling earwax! The discharge is semi-solid and smells like stinky cheese. To deal with the issue it is suggested that you go to see your local audiologist for earwax removal treatment using the latest microsuction techniques.

Can earwax cause loss of balance?

Experts say earwax buildup can cause problems with balance, hearing, and even mood in older adults. … Excessive earwax buildup can result in what’s known clinically as cerumen impaction. That’s when all or part of the ear canal has become blocked. Safe and painless microsuction earwax removal is recommended as an ideal treatment for the removal of troublesome earwax impactions.

Why do I have so much ear wax all of a sudden?

Some people are prone to produce too much earwax and in fact, one of the most common causes of earwax blockage is at-home removal. Using cotton swabs, bobby pins, or other objects in your ear canal can also push wax deeper, creating a blockage. You’re also more likely to have wax buildup if you frequently use earphones. Removing these wax blockages with microsuction will usually greatly improve your hearing, too.

Should I get earwax removed?

Your ears usually do a good job cleaning themselves and don’t need any extra care. The only reason you should clean them is to soften or remove earwax from the outside of your ear canals. If you have impacted or built-up earwax and are maybe having trouble hearing as well as you should, then a visit to your audiology clinic will get you back to normal with microsuction earwax removal.

Can an audiologist remove ear wax?

Your audiologist can examine your ears with an otoscope to determine if you have impacted or hardened earwax. If so, the audiologist can use special tools such as a microsuction vacuum and microscope to remove the wax.


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How do I know if I have an earwax problem?

Is Microsuction for ear wax painful?

Microsuction is an ear wax removal technique which is safe, comfortable and pain -free. … With such a clear view, a fine low-pressure suction device can be used to remove any ear wax obstructions safely.  It is highly recommended that you make an appointment at your local Audiology Clinic at your earliest convenience. Your local Audiology specialist can give you professional advice and treatment.

Does removing ear wax hurt?

Tiny hairs lining the ear canal remove the wax slowly, but too much ear wax can create a blockage that may lead to temporary hearing loss. … But there’s no need to put a finger, swab, or anything else into the ear canal. First of all, it can hurt, more importantly, it can cause damage to the inner ear! If you have too much earwax or impacted earwax, you should make an appointment at your nearest local Audiology Clinic specializing in Microsuction treatments. EarMicrosuction is by far the safest way to remove excess or impacted earwax.

What does dark ear wax mean?

Dark brown or black coloured earwax is typically older, so its colour comes from the dirt and bacteria it has trapped. Adults tend to have darker, harder earwax. Dark brown earwax which is tinged with red may signal a bleeding injury. Light brown, orange or yellow earwax is healthy and normal. The colour of your earwax is less important than the amount a person builds up naturally. If you have an over-production of earwax this can cause hearing problems, and pain. If you suffer from excess earwax then it is recommended that you go to your local Microsuction earwax Clinic where you can be treated professionally by aural experts.

Will earwax unclog itself?

In normal circumstances, excess wax finds its way out of the canal and into the ear opening naturally and is then washed away. When your glands make more earwax than necessary, it may get hard and block the ear. When you clean your ears, you can accidentally push the wax deeper, causing a blockage. You can prevent this damage to your ears by visiting an Audiology Clinic that specializes in Microsuction treatments. Your local Audiology Clinic professionals will have you sorted out in no time!

 Does professional ear wax removal hurt?

Earwax plays an important function in keeping our ears healthy, but having too much can cause problems. The majority of people don’t need ear wax removal and excessive cleaning can damage your ears. However, in certain cases, ear wax removal can help eliminate ear pain or hearing problems. If you are suffering hearing loss or pain from impacted earwax, then your best option is to go to a professional local Audiologist for assessment and treatment. Good Audiology clinics will offer you painless Microsuction for your ears to remove all excess earwax, and return you to normal.

Where can I get Microsuction treatment in Edgeware?

Microsuction Edgeware London

You can get treatment right here at Microsuction Ear Wax Removal, 31 The Broadway, Mill Hill, London NW7 3DA

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Don’t Drink and Drives

Whether you are pulled over for drunk driving, or any other reason, and there is a reason to believe you have been drinking, generally you will be required to take a sobriety test to find out your BAC level. The limit of .08 is now a law in all 50 states.

PSA-Drunk Driving Kills. A Personal Story.

We’ve all been told this multiple times in our life-don’t drive drunk.  Most of us were told by our parents and teachers; we watched videos in Driver’s Ed, and we see the signs and hear the PSA’s from M.A.D.D. and law enforcement often. Driving drunk comes with so many outcomes and rarely ends with you home safe and sound.  You could lose your license, end up with thousands of dollars in fines, damage property, or worse-kill someone or end up dead yourself.  When you’re happy and bubbly and just a little bit tipsy, it’s easy to forget all the outcomes that come from making any kind of decision, let alone a bad decision.

When I was 22 and first being introduced to my (then) boyfriend’s family, his sister-in-law was involved in a drunk driving accident.  She had made a quick trip to Jackson Hole with a friend who needed a driving buddy, and was hit head on by a drunk driver who had gotten on the freeway going the wrong direction.

Stephanie Wells – Personal Story

My name is Stephanie Wells and I was a successful student experiencing functionality with my mental illness and substance abuse issues. The story following is one about a fall from grace that I hope no one has to experience in their life. I hope you consider the benefits of this story and can offer me help in sharing it to continue the legacy of Michael Rankin’s life so that no family has to feel as his has and will, or how mine has and does, as there are victims on both sides of MY decision to drink and drive. Please take the time out of your busy day to read, consider, and comprehend it. I think it is a great story for all with mental illness and who turn to self medication.

On July 19, 2014 I was driving on market street away from downtown. I had been drinking hours earlier, eaten, and even hung out for a while at a friends house before deciding to leave. Knowing I had done this many times before, feeling “sober”, and being from Wilmington, I felt safe to drive. I typed another friend’s address in my GPS and started on my way. I was not speeding. I was paying attention to the road. But then my phone’s GPS spoke to me. Even though I knew I was far away from having to turn or anything, I looked down at the phone. Had I not looked down, I would have seen the car in front of me move to the other lane to avoid someone hunched in the street next to a moped. The next thing I remember is looking up and the crash. The sound terrified me, and at this point my first instinct was to get to my house (which was about 2 miles away) and figure out what happened and what to do. I did not know if I ran off the road and hit a tree, hit something, or hit someone.


Drinking and Driving At Its Worst

We have all heard the stories about how people are caught drinking and driving. The circumstances are similar; weaving in the lane, running over a curb, hitting another vehicle in a parking lot – these are just a few ways that people get caught. Some even involve high speed chases like you would see in a movie. What you are about to read are some unusual circumstances around arrests for drinking and driving in New Jersey.




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Do It Yourself Air Conditioning Install

Most people hire a professional air conditioning contractor to install a split system air conditioner. However, if you have some experience with plumbing and electrical work, you can install the unit on your own. Each split system or ductless air conditioner is unique to its manufacturer, but this article explains the general instructions for installing a split system air conditioner.

Part 1 Install the Indoor Unit

1 Select an unobstructed location on your interior wall to mount the indoor air conditioning unit. Avoid direct sunlight and heat sources. Avoid locations where gas may leak or where oil mist or sulphur exists. The indoor unit requires at least 6″ (15 cm) of open space surrounding its top and sides. The unit should also be mounted at least 7 feet (2.13 m) above the ground. Install the unit at least 3.3 feet (1 m) away from antenna, power or connecting lines that are used for television, radio, home security systems, intercoms or telephones. The electrical noise from these sources could cause operational problems for your air conditioner. The wall should be strong enough to hold the weight of the unit. You may need to construct a wood or metal frame to provide added support.

2 Secure the mounting plate to the interior wall. Hold the mounting plate against the wall where you want to install the indoor unit. Use a level to make sure the plate is both horizontally level. Drill holes into the wall at appropriate spots to affix the plate to the wall. Insert plastic anchors into the holes. Secure the plate to the wall with tapping screws.

3 Create a hole in the wall to fit the piping. Find the best spot for the hole to the exterior based on the opening in the mounting bracket. You should also consider the length of the pipe and the distance that it needs to travel to reach the outside unit. Drill a hole that is 3″ (7.5 cm) in diameter through the wall. The hole should slope downward toward the exterior to ensure adequate drainage. Insert a flexible flange into the hole.

4 Check the electrical connections. Lift the unit’s front panel and remove the cover. Be sure the cable wires are connected to the screw terminals. Also, make sure that they match the diagram that comes with the unit.

5 Connect the pipes. Run the piping from the indoor unit toward the hole drilled through the wall. Minimize bending to ensure that the unit performs well. Cut a length of PVC pipe 1/4″ (6 millimeters) shorter than the length between your interior and exterior wall surfaces. Place the pipe cap on the interior end of the PVC pipe. Insert the pipe into the hole in the wall. Bind the copper pipes, the power cables and the drain pipe together with electrical tape. Place the drain pipe on the bottom to ensure a free flow of water. Secure the pipe to the indoor unit. Use 2 wrenches, working in opposite directions, to tighten the connection. Join the water drainage pipe to the indoor unit’s base. Run the bound pipes and cables through the hole in the wall. Make sure that the drainage pipe allows water to drain in an appropriate place.

6 Secure the indoor unit to the mounting plate by pressing the unit against the mounting plate.

OKay – This is Way too Complicated

Your Air Conditioning Company have been keeping bedrooms cool and warm for years and would be happy to help you with the install.

Our expert team are always on-hand to help though every step of the process. Learn more about our bedroom installations.




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Sacramento’s Best Plumbers Offer Tips


We surveyed some Sacramento Plumbers for some tips. Here’s what they gave us:

Plumbing Tips for Sacramento Homeowners

Use pipe insulation to prevent sprayer snarls

If you have to jiggle the hose as you pull out your kitchen sink sprayer, chances are the hose is catching on the shutoff valves. For smooth operation, slip 1/2-in. foam pipe insulation over the pipes and shutoff handles. Tape it if it won’t stay put. Get the insulation at home centers for about $3.

Wrap pipes in adhesive-backed felt

Running hot water can cause copper pipes to expand and grind against pipe hangers and joists. So pick up some adhesive-backed felt at the hardware store and cut it into strips. Then remove each hanger and wrap the pipe before refastening the hanger.

Don’t Be Afraid to Replace Parts Inside Your Toilet or Faucet

Taking apart pipes under your sink or shower can lead to messy issues if you make a mistake. However, there’s very little you can damage by trying to replace your toilet’s flapper or your faucet’s cartridge.

Worn flappers are a common cause of leaks between the toilet tank and bowl. And they only cost a few dollars! As a bonus, the package comes with easy-to-follow instructions for replacement.

Most modern faucets can be repaired by replacing the entire interior with a new cartridge. This only requires that you remove a screw or two. So, if you hear the toilet running frequently, or your sink is dripping, get replacement parts and give it a go.

Use a Shop Vacuum to Remove Hard Objects

When a hard object like a toothbrush, comb or toy plugs a toilet or drain, a plunger may not be the solution—it might only push the obstruction in deeper. Instead, suck out the water and the obstruction with a wet/dry shop vacuum.

Plumber’s Emergency Kit

Use a five gallon bucket as a tool holder. And if a leak springs mid-project, it’ll catch the water. A tool caddy can also be attached to the bucket providing a place for everything.

Keep a forced cup and a regular plunger handy. Each plunger has its own specific use and provides extra unclogging power.

Emergency Tips

Always know where the main water shut-off valve is located in case of a leak.

Know how to turn off the water heater. If it’s a gas water heater, turn the switch to the “pilot” position.

Isolation valves located at each fixture will stop the flow of water to that location. This allows water to continue to service the remainder of the house while the leak is being repaired. It’s a good idea to turn on and off each isolation valve in the house at least once a year to keep them in good working condition.



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My Resources List So I Remember Where I put them !

This is my listing of resources that are available for download from my website in a secure form. This generally means that the files are encrypted – and the password is not available to the public. However, if you send me an email then I will send you the current password and you can download a copy of the file. Note that the password for each archive rotates weekly based on downloaders, so linking to this page in hopes that a file will still be using the same password is not going to work. In any case, here are the resources!

Learn Ruby/Rails:

  • Programming Ruby
  • The Ruby Way
  • The Rails Way
  • Agile Web Development with Rails
  • The Ruby Programming Language
  • Learning Ruby


Artificial Intelligence / LISP
  • Artificial Intelligence – A Modern Approach
  • On Lisp
  • Practical Common Lisp
  • The Elements of Artificial Intelligence – An Introduction using LISP
  • ANSI Common Lisp
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